Apple Cultivars 2023

We grow and propagate 600+ fruit tree cultivars in our preservation orchard , available scionwood rotates in availability year to year. This list includes all cultivars available this year and it is updated to reflect availability as of 1/1/23, bolded varieties are still in stock

Use this list to select apple varieties for scionwood and new graft trees. Contact Us if you need assistance choosing cultivars.

Akero – Swedish heirloom, 18th century. Nearly red fall apples.

Alexander – Heirloom Russian Apple. Parent of Wolf River. Very cold Hardy. Late summer.

Almey – Cold hardy jelly crab from Canada. Red and white blooms.

Anaros – Antonovka seedling. Canada introduction from 1930s.

Anoka – S. Dakota 1918. Precocious bearing gold to blushed apple.

Antonovka Seedling – Generally true to form, but variable. Usually tart fall apple.

Antonovka 1.5 – Selected for its large size. Late summer, yellow, sweet/tart

Antonovka 40 – Tart yellow Russian apple. Selected for superior fruit.

Antonovka 48 – Yellow, tart fall apple. Good tart fresh eating and pies.

Antonovka Debnicka – Hardy Russian. Yellow-green early fall.

Ashmead’s Kernal – England c. 1700. Highly flavored russet. Late fall.

Autumn Arctic – Early fall apple. Some russeting. Some scab resistance.

Beacon – Beautiful red summer apple. Notes of anise when fully ripe.

Beautiful Arcade – (Arkad Drasivui) Russia 1800s. High quality fruit.

Benoni – Massachusetts early 1800s. Good fresh eating. Red/orange/yellow

Bethel – Heirloom Vermont apple. Fall. Great Keeper. Red striped.

Blenheim Orange – Blenheim England. Richly flavored fresh eating apple.

Bottle Greening – 1860s Vermont/NY border. Green aromatic dessert apple.

Britemac – NJ 1930s. Mac like but deeper color and often red stained flesh. Fall.

Burgundy – Purple. Outstanding flavor. Red stained flesh often. Fall.

Budagovsky 118 – A rootstock variety. Produces golfball size pink fleshed apples with pink/purple blooms

Carroll – Red splashed summer apple. Tender, mild, good. Canada 1947.

Centennial – Delicious sweet-tart crab. Scab resistant.

Champlain – Vermont 1800s. Red blushed yellow apple. Late summer.

Chenango Strawberry – CT or NY mid 1800s. Tender, fine flavor. Late summer.

Chestnut Crab – Minnesota early 1900s. Scab resistant. Rich almost nutty flavor.

Cox’s Orange Pippin – Prized English heirloom, superb flavor. Fall

Creekside Crab – Vt. Walden Heights introduction. Scab resistant golfball sized apples. More sweet than tart.

Dakota – North Dakota 1960s. Wealthy x Whitney cross. Red splashed. Dessert.

Dayton – Scab immune. Large purple skinned fruit. Great fresh eating.

Dudley – (Dudley Winter) Early fall, good keeper. Maine 1875. Excellent.

Early Cortland – Cortland like but earlier season. NY 1930s.

Early Harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). Yellow summer apple. Refreshing.

Ellison’s Orange – English early 1900s (likely earlier). Licorice tones.

Elstar – Netherlands 1955. Red/orange striped. Fine flavor when well developed.

Erickson – Minnesota circa 1910. Deep red over yellow. Dessert and culinary.

Erwin Bauer – Germany 1920s. Fall. Excellent flavor and texture. Aromatic.

Fall Harvest – All purpose fall apple.

Fantazja – Poland 1940s. Red, juicy, highly flavored. Keeps well.

Fireside – Minnesota early 1900s. High quality late apple. Great keeper. Dull red.

Golden Lights – Vermont 1990s. Walden Heights introduction. Mild, crispy early fall apple. Golden skin. Somewhat scab resistant but not immune. Good cropper.

Greensleeves – England 1970s. Scab resistant. Crisp, tart and aromatic. Yellow.

Haralred – A sport of Haralson. Redder, a week or two earlier.

Haralson – Minnesota -1913. Red or red striped. Great all purpose and storage apple.

Harcourt – Canada early to mid 1900s. Red blushed all purpose apple.

Hazen –  North Dakota 1980s. Precocious fruiting. Small stature tree. Mild.

Heyer 12 – Canada 1940s from Russian lineage. Very cold hardy. Tart

Hiburnal – Russia 1800s. Tart. Excellent culinary apple. Red and orange splashed.

Honeycrisp – Very crispy. Minnesota. Sweet, but not rich. Keeps well.

Honeygold – Minnesota 1930s. Golden delicious type but more flavorful. Hardy.

Hunt Russet – Massachusetts 1700s. Rich flavor. Russet skin. Eating or cider.

Howgate Wonder – England 1916. Enormous fruit. Striped and patched.

Irish Peach – Ireland early 1800s. Delicious early season apple. Pretty tree.

Island Gold – Sprightly, crisp golden apple. Late summer. Long picking window. Scab resistant. Walden Heights introduction.

Jordan Russet – Canada late 1800s. Yellowish, russeted skin. Late season.

Jubilee – Canada 1920s. Late reddish dessert apple

Karmijn de Sonneville – Netherlands late 1940s. Dense, rich flesh. Splashed with russet, orange and red.

Keepsake – Minnesota 1930s. Superb keeper. Very crispy and sweet. Dull red. Need thinning to gain size.

Kerr Crabapple – Culinary crab (we currently have only seedling material still in stock, which has fruit variation)

Lakeland – Early fall. Red Stiped. Sweet/tart. Stores fair.

Liberty – NY 1970s. Crisp, sweet-tart red fruit. Immune to scab and resistant to other diseases. Excellent choice for organic growers.

Lobo – Late 1800s. McIntosh like fruit.

Lodi – NY 1911. Early summer apple with green to yellow skin. Pleasant sweet-tart eating, but perishable. Large crops.

Mantet – Canada 1920s. The best summer apple we have. Outstanding flavor  with notes of berries. Striped, large, tender apple. Sweet enough for good early cider. Well balanced.

Martha – Excelsior, MN, about 1889. Extremely crisp, yellowish flesh. Large-fruited crab apple can be eaten fresh or in jams and jellies.

McIntosh Red- Classic mac flavor with deep red skin. 

Melba – Canada late 1800s. Good quality summer apple. Tender, red or red splashed. Sweet-tart. Similar to Mantet but not as good.

Michelin – France late 1800s. Strictly a hard cider apple. Bittersweet. Fall. Finicky grower. Not reliable in the north.

Milwaukee – Wisconsin late 1800s. Flat shaped with red stripes. Large fruit. More tart than sweet. All purpose, but is great in ciders. Early fall.

Minnehaha – Minnesota 1914. Red fall apple. Crisp, aromatic and rich.

Muscadet de Dieppe – France late 1800s. Hard cider variety. Fall. Bittersweet. Has done fairly well here in Walden.

Niagara – NY 1950s. McIntosh-like but with an interesting tannic tone. Nearly purple, and buffs beautifully. Hardy and vigorous tree. Excellent cider, and good hard cider additive.

Niedzwetzkyana – Red fleshed variety strictly for cider and culinary uses. Considered by some authorities to be a distinct species. Parent of many red fleshed varieties.

Norda – Canada 1960. Early red dessert apple. Medium to small, very hardy.

Norland – Canada 1970s. Red or red striped. Summer dessert apple. Sweet-tart. Conic. Keeps decently for a summer apple. Very cold hardy. Precocious fruiter. Small stature tree.

Northwest Greening – Wisconsin mid 1800s. Green fall fruit. Somewhat tart, but mild. Decent keeper.

Nova Easygro – Canada 1950s. Scab resistant dessert apple. Keeps well. Best after storage period. Mild. Red skin. Hardy.

Oriole – Minnesota 1914. Excellent summer apple. Large, orange, yellow and red splashed. Often hangs in pairs. Aromatic, juicy, and well balanced.

Orleans Reinette- High quality dessert heirloom. 

Patterson– Canada 1940s. Yellow with red splashes. Pleasant, juicy late summer apple. Tends to make smaller fruit. Slow to oxidize, so good in salads and for slicing. Very hardy.

Parkland – Canada 1970s. Crisp and juicy summer apple. Pink to red skin with whitish background. Small unless thinned. Pleasant sweet-tart flavor. Precocious fruiting.

Pomme Gris – Canada (Quebec) late 1700s. Generally small fruit. Excellent rich flavor, nutty undertones. Attractive green-gold to greyish russet apple. Scab resistant. Hardy and vigorous.

Prairie Spy – Minnesota 1914. Decent fresh eating, but very good pies. Keeps well with good humidity. Red and green with some russeting.

Priscilla – Indiana 1960s. Scab resistant dessert apple. Red blushed, crisp and aromatic. Keeps reasonably well.

Quinte – Canada 1960s. Fine flavored summer apple. Tender. Great sauce. Yellow with red blushing.

Rambo – NJ area,  possibly late 1600s. Swedish lineage. September. Good quality, all purpose, large. Crisp and aromatic.

Red Astrachan – Russia 1700s. Popularized in Sweden. Very hardy early season apple. Some rust resistance. Tart, tender and aromatic. All purpose.

Red Baron – Minnesota 1920s. Red and yellow striped. Crispy, sweeter than tart. Keeps very well. Early fall.

Red Selkirk – Red fleshed selection of Selkirk Crab. Quarter sized fruit. Tannic. Good hard cider additive.

Red Wealthy – Variant of Wealthy (sport). Redder and later in season. Keeps better.

Redfield – NY 1920s. Red fleshed variety. Deep purplish red skin. Strictly culinary and cider apple. Red blooms.

Redhook – NY 1920s. Red all purpose apple. Juicy, aromatic. Fall. Not for storage. Can be a tardy bearer.

Ribston Pippin – England early 1700s. Green and blushed apple. High quality. Triploid. Not a great choice for northern areas.

Rouville – Canada 1960s. Large red apple, ribbed. All purpose apple, but due to good sugar and tannin level lends itself to hard cider making.

Sandow – Canada late 1800s. Some similarity to its parent, Northern Spy. Good quality. Late fall. Hardy.

Scott Winter – Vermont mid 1800s. Late fall. All purpose. Red striped. Good, full flavor. Hardy.

Selkirk – White fleshed, white blooming crabapple for culinary use and pollination. Seedling stock selected.

Shamrock – Canada 1980s. Granny Smith type apple for colder climates. Mild, juicy and sweet. Precocious bearer.

Sharon – Yellow and red McIntosh type. Mac/Longfield cross. 1906

Shiawassee – Michigan mid 1800s. Aromatic, juicy, all purpose apple. Red striped. Late fall.

Slovianka – Russia early 1900s, possibly older. Green to yellow midseason apple. Juicy, sweet-tart. Hardy.

Smokehouse – PA early 1800s. Dense fleshed, rich, excellent flavor. Some russet patching. Attractive tip bearer.

Stowe Crab – Vermont mid 1900s. Quarter sized yellow crabs. Sweet-tart and tannic. Hard cider blending.

Summerred – Deep red crispy summer apple. Ripens mid August. 

Sunrise – All purpose yellow and red apple with grape undertones. 

Swayzie – Medium sized russet. More sweet than tart. 

Sweet Sixteen – Minnesota 1930s. Outstanding apple with cherry tones. Some scab resistance but not immune.

Three Sisters – Vermont mid 1900s. Walden Heights introduction. Small yellow apples with pear notes. Productive.

Tolman Sweet – Massachusetts 1600s(likely). Yellow, sometimes russeted. Very hardy. Late fall. Sweet with moderate texture. All purpose.

Trent – Canada 1970s. Dull purple-red. Scab resistant. Later fall. Excellent keeper. All purpose. Fine fresh eating.

Twenty Ounce – Massachusetts early 1800s. Large green to yellow apple, sometimes red blushed. Mild sweet flesh. Fall.

Vista Bella – NJ 1950s. Red summer apple. Rather crisp and full flavored for an early apple. Keeps a little better than most summer apples. Extremely cold hardy.

Wagener – NY early 1800s. Reddish streaks and patches over green. Interesting blocky shape. Late fall. Fruit is rich, excellent. Keeps well, bruise resistant. All purpose.

Walden Calville – Walden Heights intro. Large, lobed. Sweet late summer.

Walden Greening – Vermont 1990s. Walden Heights introduction. Antonovka open pollinated. Dense, richly flavored late fall apple. Some russet patching over greenish yellow skin. Keeps well.

Wealthy – Red McIntosh type heirloom from Minnesota. 

Wedge – Minnesota early 1912. Crisp, juicy red apple. Very large fruit. Can develop watercore. Keeps fairly well. Fall.

Westfield Seek No Further -Massachusetts late 1700s. Gold, green and red patched fruit with some russeting. Rich, mildly tart. Good all purpose apple. Fall.

White Pippin – US early 1800s, possibly earlier. Some authorities believe it to be of Canadian origin. Yellow/green with pink blush, occasional russet. Juicy, sweet tart, good for all uses.

Whitney Crab – Illinois 1850s. Red or red patched egg sized apple. Tender, sweet-tart and juicy. Early fall.

Wodarz – N. Dakota mid 1900s. Green skin. Sweet. Late fall. Good storage apple. Very cold hardy. Large.

Zabergau Reinette – Germany 1885. Very large russet fruit. Somewhat crisp, with moderate acidity. Late fall.