A pple Descriptions : Full Master List

Full list of apples in our collection with descriptions


This is a full list of apple cultivars from our apple collection, and includes a description to help with selection. Useful for scionwood and custom grafts, or for general education. Note, this is constantly updated information. 


Akero – Swedish heirloom, 18th century. Nearly red fall apples.

Anoka – S. Dakota 1918. Precocious bearing gold to blushed apple.

Antonovka Seedling – Generally true to form, but variable. Usually tart fall apple.

Antonovka 48 – Yellow, tart fall apple. Good tart fresh eating and pies.

Antonovka 1.5 – Selected for its large size. Late summer, yellow, sweet/tart

Alexander – Heirloom Russian Apple. Parent of Wolf River. Very cold Hardy. Late summer.

Antonovka 1.5 – Yellow tart early fall apple. Russian. Large fruit.

Antonovka 40 – Tart yellow Russian apple. Selected for superior fruit.

Autumn arctic – Early fall apple. Some russeting. Some scab resistance.

Anaros – Antonovka seedling. Canada introduction from 1930s

Almey – Cold hardy jelly crab from Canada. Red and white blooms.

Ashmead’s Kernal – England c. 1700. Highly flavored russet. Late fall.

Bethel – Heirloom Vermont apple. Fall. Great Keeper. Red striped.

Beacon – Beautiful red summer apple. Notes of anise when fully ripe.

Blenheim orange – Blenheim England. Richly flavored fresh eating apple.

Benoni – Massachusetts early 1800s. Good fresh eating. Red/orange/yellow

Bottle greening – 1860s Vermont/NY border. Green aromatic dessert apple.

Beautiful arcade – (Arkad Drasivui) Russia 1800s. High quality fruit.

Britemac – NJ 1930s. Mac like but deeper color and often red stained flesh. Fall.

Burgundy – Purple. Outstanding flavor. Red stained flesh often. Fall.

Champlain – Vermont 1800s. Red blushed yellow apple. Late summer.

Carroll – Red splashed summer apple. Tender, mild, good. Canada 1947.

Chenango strawberry – CT or NY mid 1800s. Tender, fine flavor. Late summer.

Centennial – Delicious sweet-tart crab. Scab resistant.

Creekside crab – Vt. Walden Heights introduction. Scab resistant golfball sized apples. More sweet than tart.

Chestnut crab – Minnesota early 1900s. Scab resistant. Rich almost nutty flavor.

Cox’s orange pippin – Prized English heirloom, superb flavor. Fall

Dayton – Scab immune. Large purple skinned fruit. Great fresh eating.

Dudley – (Dudley Winter) Early fall, good keeper. Maine 1875. Excellent.

Dakota – North Dakota 1960s. Wealthy x Whitney cross. Red splashed. Dessert.

Elstar – Netherlands 1955. Red/orange striped. Fine flavor when well developed.

Erwin bauer – Germany 1920s. Fall. Excellent flavor and texture. Aromatic.

Early harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). Yellow summer apple. Refreshing.

Ellison’s orange – English early 1900s (likely earlier). Licorice tones.

Early Cortland – Cortland like but earlier season. NY 1930s.

Erickson – Minnesota circa 1910. Deep red over yellow. Dessert and culinary.

Fall harvest – All purpose fall apple.

Fireside – Minnesota early 1900s. High quality late apple. Great keeper. Dull red.

Fantazja – Poland 1940s. Red, juicy, highly flavored. Keeps well.

Greensleeves – England 1970s. Scab resistant. Crisp, tart and aromatic. Yellow.

Honeycrisp – Very crispy. Minnesota. Sweet, but not rich. Keeps well.

Hazen –  North Dakota 1980s. Precocious fruiting. Small stature tree. Mild.

Honeygold – Minnesota 1930s. Golden delicious type but more flavorful. Hardy.

Hunt russet – Massachusetts 1700s. Rich flavor. Russet skin. Eating or cider.

Hiburnal – Russia 1800s. Tart. Excellent culinary apple. Red and orange splashed.

Heyer 12 – Canada 1940s from Russian lineage. Very cold hardy. Tart

Harcourt – Canada early to mid 1900s. Red blushed all purpose apple.

Haralson – Minnesota -1913. Red or red striped. Great all purpose and storage apple.

Haralred – A sport of Haralson. Redder, a week or two earlier.

Howgate wonder – England 1916. Enormous fruit. Striped and patched.

Irish peach – Ireland early 1800s. Delicious early season apple. Pretty tree.

Jordan russet – Canada late 1800s. Yellowish, russeted skin. Late season.

Jubilee – Canada 1920s. Late reddish dessert apple

Kerr crabapple – Culinary crab (we currently have only seedling material still in stock, which has fruit variation)

Karmijn de sonneville – Netherlands late 1940s. Dense, rich flesh. Splashed with russet, orange and red.

Keepsake – Minnesota 1930s. Superb keeper. Very crispy and sweet. Dull red. Need thinning to gain size.

Liberty – NY 1970s. Crisp, sweet-tart red fruit. Immune to scab and resistant to other diseases. Excellent choice for organic growers.

Lodi – NY 1911. Early summer apple with green to yellow skin. Pleasant sweet-tart eating, but perishable. Large crops.

Lobo – Late 1800s. McIntosh like fruit.

Martha –

Minnehaha – Minnesota 1914. Red fall apple. Crisp, aromatic and rich.

Milwaukee – Wisconsin late 1800s. Flat shaped with red stripes. Large fruit. More tart than sweet. All purpose, but is great in ciders. Early fall.

Michelin – France late 1800s. Strictly a hard cider apple. Bittersweet. Fall. Finicky grower. Not reliable in the north.

Mantet – Canada 1920s. The best summer apple we have. Outstanding flavor  with notes of berries. Striped, large, tender apple. Sweet enough for good early cider. Well balanced.

Muscadet de Dieppe – France late 1800s. Hard cider variety. Fall. Bittersweet. Has done fairly well here in Walden.

Melba – Canada late 1800s. Good quality summer apple. Tender, red or red splashed. Sweet-tart. Similar to Mantet but not as good.

Golden Lights – Vermont 1990s. Walden Heights introduction. Mild, crispy early fall apple. Golden skin. Somewhat scab resistant but not immune. Good cropper.

Northwest greening – Wisconsin mid 1800s. Green fall fruit. Somewhat tart, but mild. Decent keeper.

Niagara – NY 1950s. McIntosh-like but with an interesting tannic tone. Nearly purple, and buffs beautifully. Hardy and vigorous tree. Excellent cider, and good hard cider additive.

Niedzwetzkyana – Red fleshed variety strictly for cider and culinary uses. Considered by some authorities to be a distinct species. Parent of many red fleshed varieties.

Norda – Canada 1960. Early red dessert apple. Medium to small, very hardy.

Nova Easygro – Canada 1950s. Scab resistant dessert apple. Keeps well. Best after storage period. Mild. Red skin. Hardy.

Norland – Canada 1970s. Red or red striped. Summer dessert apple. Sweet-tart. Conic. Keeps decently for a summer apple. Very cold hardy. Precocious fruiter. Small stature tree.

Oriole – Minnesota 1914. Excellent summer apple. Large, orange, yellow and red splashed. Often hangs in pairs. Aromatic, juicy, and well balanced.

Prairie spy – Minnesota 1914. Decent fresh eating, but very good pies. Keeps well with good humidity. Red and green with some russeting.

Parkland – Canada 1970s. Crisp and juicy summer apple. Pink to red skin with whitish background. Small unless thinned. Pleasant sweet-tart flavor. Precocious fruiting.

Pomme gris – Canada (Quebec) late 1700s. Generally small fruit. Excellent rich flavor, nutty undertones. Attractive green-gold to greyish russet apple. Scab resistant. Hardy and vigorous.

Priscilla – Indiana 1960s. Scab resistant dessert apple. Red blushed, crisp and aromatic. Keeps reasonably well.

Patterson- Canada 1940s. Yellow with red splashes. Pleasant, juicy late summer apple. Tends to make smaller fruit. Slow to oxidize, so good in salads and for slicing. Very hardy.

Quinte – Canada 1960s. Fine flavored summer apple. Tender. Great sauce. Yellow with red blushing.

Rouville – Canada 1960s. Large red apple, ribbed. All purpose apple, but due to good sugar and tannin level lends itself to hard cider making.

Red astrachan – Russia 1700s. Popularized in Sweden. Very hardy early season apple. Some rust resistance. Tart, tender and aromatic. All purpose.

Ribston pippin – England early 1700s. Green and blushed apple. High quality. Triploid. Not a great choice for northern areas.

Redhook – NY 1920s. Red all purpose apple. Juicy, aromatic. Fall. Not for storage. Can be a tardy bearer.

Redfield – NY 1920s. Red fleshed variety. Deep purplish red skin. Strictly culinary and cider apple. Red blooms.

Red baron – Minnesota 1920s. Red and yellow striped. Crispy, sweeter than tart. Keeps very well. Early fall.

Red wealthy – Variant of Wealthy (sport). Redder and later in season. Keeps better.

Rambo – NJ area,  possibly late 1600s. Swedish lineage. September. Good quality, all purpose, large. Crisp and aromatic.

Shamrock – Canada 1980s. Granny Smith type apple for colder climates. Mild, juicy and sweet. Precocious bearer.

Sandow – Canada late 1800s. Some similarity to its parent, Northern Spy. Good quality. Late fall. Hardy.

Sweet sixteen – Minnesota 1930s. Outstanding apple with cherry tones. Some scab resistance but not immune.

Slovianka – Russia early 1900s, possibly older. Green to yellow midseason apple. Juicy, sweet-tart. Hardy.

Stowe Crab – Vermont mid 1900s. Quarter sized yellow crabs. Sweet-tart and tannic. Hard cider blending.

Scott winter – Vermont mid 1800s. Late fall. All purpose. Red striped. Good, full flavor. Hardy.

Red Selkirk – Red fleshed selection of Selkirk Crab. Quarter sized fruit. Tannic. Good hard cider additive.

Selkirk – White fleshed, white blooming crabapple for culinary use and pollination. Seedling stock selected.

Smokehouse – PA early 1800s. Dense fleshed, rich, excellent flavor. Some russet patching. Attractive tip bearer.

Shiawassee – Michigan mid 1800s. Aromatic, juicy, all purpose apple. Red striped. Late fall.

Three sisters – Vermont mid 1900s. Walden Heights introduction. Small yellow apples with pear notes. Productive.

Trent – Canada 1970s. Dull purple-red. Scab resistant. Later fall. Excellent keeper. All purpose. Fine fresh eating.

Tolman sweet – Massachusetts 1600s(likely). Yellow, sometimes russeted. Very hardy. Late fall. Sweet with moderate texture. All purpose.

Twenty ounce – Massachusetts early 1800s. Large green to yellow apple, sometimes red blushed. Mild sweet flesh. Fall.

Vista bella – NJ 1950s. Red summer apple. Rather crisp and full flavored for an early apple. Keeps a little better than most summer apples. Extremely cold hardy.

Walden Greening – Vermont 1990s. Walden Heights introduction. Antonovka open pollinated. Dense, richly flavored late fall apple. Some russet patching over greenish yellow skin. Keeps well.

Westfield seek no further -Massachusetts late 1700s. Gold, green and red patched fruit with some russeting. Rich, mildly tart. Good all purpose apple. Fall.

Wodarz – N. Dakota mid 1900s. Green skin. Sweet. Late fall. Good storage apple. Very cold hardy. Large.

Wagener – NY early 1800s. Reddish streaks and patches over green. Interesting blocky shape. Late fall. Fruit is rich, excellent. Keeps well, bruise resistant. All purpose.

White pippin – US early 1800s, possibly earlier. Some authorities believe it to be of Canadian origin. Yellow/green with pink blush, occasional russet. Juicy, sweet tart, good for all uses.

Wedge – Minnesota early 1912. Crisp, juicy red apple. Very large fruit. Can develop watercore. Keeps fairly well. Fall.

Whitney crab – Illinois 1850s. Red or red patched egg sized apple. Tender, sweet-tart and juicy. Early fall.

Zabergau reinette – Germany 1885. Very large russet fruit. Somewhat crisp, with moderate acidity. Late fall.